Is There Alien Life in the Solar System? – The Science Quiz

Unraveling the Secrets of Life on Jupiter’s Icy Moons: Exploring the Potential Habitats of Ganymede, Callisto, Europa, Io, Titan, Triton and Enceladus

Jupiter’s icy moons are some of the most intriguing celestial bodies in our Solar System. Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa are all known to have unique characteristics that could potentially support life. The Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUCE) is set to reach Jupiter in 2031 to study these moons for signs of life.

Io, a moon of Jupiter, is the most geologically active planetary body in the Solar System. This constant activity makes it unlikely for life to exist on this moon, but not impossible. The warmth generated by its geological processes could potentially support life.

Titan, a moon of Saturn, is the only planetary body other than Earth to have a complete cycle of liquid on its surface. However, unlike water on Earth, Titan’s liquid is made of hydrocarbons, raising the possibility of hosting life on this moon.

Triton, a moon of Neptune, is unique in that it is the only moon in the Solar System rotating in the opposite direction to its host planet. Scientists believe that the heat generated by the radioactive decay of rock in Triton’s interior keeps its mantle, made of water, in a liquid state, potentially providing conditions for life to exist.

Enceladus, a moon of Saturn, may contain an underground water ocean and ejects plumes of salt water and organic molecules from its subsurface into space through its ice shell hinting at the possibility of life on Enceladus. Data collected between 2015 and 2018 suggested that Ceres may have a large subsurface ocean of water which could potentially contain microbial life as well.

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