The recent publication by the Economic Research Institute Etla’s “Finland rescue package” sparked a debate about policy recommendations. This article recommended several changes, including cuts in corporate and income taxes. The controversy was over the selectivity of research references and the ideological nature of the tax proposals. As the week progressed, it intensified with Aki Kangasharju, CEO of Etla, accusing Heikki Hiilamo, a professor of social policy at the University of Helsinki, of lying and exhibiting bias towards party politics.
The debate drew attention from many experts who were asked to weigh in on their views on policy recommendations. Mika Maliranta, director of Labore, argued that similar publications such as “rescue package” should be viewed as reviews presenting a comprehensive analysis of research literature on a particular issue. He noted that these reviews were beneficial to public debates than individual research results. Maliranta also pointed out that providing strong or explicit policy recommendations is challenging due to the uncertainty associated with social science research.
Marita Laukkanen, a WATER research professor and working life professor at the University of Tampere emphasized that good scientific practice is necessary when formulating policy recommendations. She highlighted the importance of evaluating prior research to ensure credibility and high quality while taking into account factors like age and relevance of materials and methods.
Kaisa Kotakorpi, another professor at the University of Tampere added that writing clear policy recommendations from economic research literature is challenging due to limited policies that benefit everyone directly. She emphasized examining both advantages and disadvantages of a particular policy as well as its distribution while considering country context and reliability of studies.
All three researchers highlighted the difficulty in providing unambiguous policy recommendations in social science and emphasized the need for an evidence-based discussion on this topic.