A new report released Monday has revealed that almost half of the world’s migratory species are facing a decline in population. This puts birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks, and other migratory animals at risk of extinction. The reasons behind this decline include habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change.
According to the lead author of the report, Kelly Malsch, stopover sites are crucial for the survival of migratory species. Migration is an essential element of the survival of some species, and any disruption to this process could lead to their extinction. The report drew data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
The United Nations (U.N.) will review proposals for conservation measures at a meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. This meeting will consider adding new species to the lists of concern. The decisions made at this meeting are vital as no single country can save these species alone.
At the meeting in Samarkand, eight South American governments plan to propose adding two species of declining Amazon catfish to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting the Amazon River basin is critical as it is the largest freshwater system in the world and is home to these catfish.
In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada. It remains to be seen whether these commitments will be enough to reverse the decline in migratory species populations and prevent their extinction.