The study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology has highlighted the need for early control of risk factors that promote atherosclerosis in young people. Researchers at the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) found that arteries in younger individuals are more susceptible to damage from these factors, possibly due to their less exposure to aging.
The study emphasizes that aggressive intervention to manage risk factors should begin at an earlier age as a primary prevention strategy. It suggests that atherosclerosis can be reversed if interventions are implemented early on, and lifestyle modifications such as diet changes, reducing alcohol consumption, and lowering salt intake can help control cholesterol levels and blood pressure. If these measures do not work, pharmacological treatments may be necessary.
The authors of the study call for early screening for subclinical atherosclerosis and aggressive management of risk factors to alleviate the global burden of cardiovascular disease. They recommend screening for cholesterol or atheroma plaques in the carotid or femoral arteries to identify those at risk and begin aggressive risk factor management.
It is estimated that 30% of people between 40 and 45 years old have atherosclerosis in some arterial segment. This highlights the importance of early intervention and control of risk factors in young adults as a preventive measure against cardiovascular disease.