In 2022, the number of female scientists and engineers in the EU reached almost 7.3 million, a whopping 310,500 more than the previous year. This represents a significant leap forward, as women now account for an impressive 41% of total employment in science and engineering. However, it’s important to note that this progress is not evenly distributed across all sectors.
In fact, while women make up only 22% of those employed in manufacturing as scientists and engineers, they dominate the service sector with an impressive 46%. This trend is evident across all EU member states, although some countries have made more progress than others. Denmark, Lithuania and Bulgaria lead the way with female representation at an astounding 53%, 52% and 51%, respectively. On the other hand, Hungary, Finland and Germany lag behind with only 31%, 32% and 34% of female scientists and engineers in their respective countries.
Interestingly enough, the regions within each country also exhibit varying levels of gender diversity in science and technology occupations. For example, Lithuania leads the way with a staggering percentage of women employed in these fields at NUTS1 level (Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics), followed closely by Corse in France (63.9%) and Latvia (62.7%). At the other end of the spectrum are Nord-Ovest in Italy (45.3%), Malta (45.8%) and Sud in Italy (46.1%).
This news article serves as a reminder that we still have a long way to go before achieving true gender equality in science and technology fields on a global scale. We must continue to celebrate achievements like these while pushing for further progress towards creating an inclusive workforce that values diversity and promotes equal opportunities for all individuals regardless of their gender or background.
It’s important to note that this news item marks International Day of Women and Girls in Science celebrated on February 11th every year.
The European Union has been making strides towards promoting gender equality among its scientists and engineers over recent years.